30 Years of Innovation: Industry Collaboration Made Multi Jet Fusion a Reality

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Parts being printed by the HP Multi Jet Fusion printer, layer by layer

First developed in 2016, Multi Jet Fusion has gained a solid following thanks to its high surface quality, consistent build time, and freedom of design. Discover how close collaboration with HP allowed Materialise be one of the first to offer, and fully adopt, the technology. 

In 2020, we celebrated Materialise’s 30th anniversary. Our 30 Years of Innovation blog series highlights some of the different 3D printing technologies that have helped our customers achieve their ambitions over the years and shows that there is no one-size-fits-all approach to 3D printing. This time, it’s the turn of Multi Jet Fusion (MJF).  

When Multi Jet Fusion first came on the scene in 2016, it made a big splash. The 3D printing world was excited to get to know the much-anticipated technology, also called MJF for short. Soon, many realized the potential for their prototypes and end-use parts thanks to its excellent surface quality, consistent build time — regardless of the number of parts — and the ability to print exceptionally thin walls. 

Innovation is in our DNA 

“It has been in Materialise DNA over the past 30 years to continue to innovate, including being on the lookout for the newest technologies and materials,” explains Giovanni Vleminckx, Research Engineer at Materialise. “MJF is a great example of this. To me, this is the core of what innovation is all about: developing, testing, and collaborating with others in the industry on technology to push 3D printing to the next level.” 

Research Engineer Giovanni Vleminckx on stage speaking to an audience at an event
Research Engineer Giovanni Vleminckx began testing Multi Jet Fusion in 2016 due to a strategic partnership with HP.

MJF came to Materialise in 2016 when HP was close to debuting their first printer. The partnership started with Materialise developing build processor software for the machines to establish a seamless connection from computer to printer. The result was a simplified workflow for the user, as well as the possibility of creating build jobs, all in a single software package. 

What makes MJF so special is that the build is always finished in a certain amount of time — no matter how many parts are included. This means that we could play on this strength.

— Giovanni Vleminckx, Research Engineer at Materialise 

To make the build processor as fine-tuned to the machine as possible and uncover the potential benefits the technology could have for our manufacturing customers, Giovanni along with his team started exploring the possibilities and testing the MJF printers themselves.  

The partnership extended to also provide feedback to HP on the hardware so the machine could be fine-tuned before launching. This also allowed Materialise to be one of the first to offer the technology and fully adopt it into one of the biggest factories for 3D printing in Europe. 

A Materialise printer operator enters settings on a MJF machine in a large printer room at Materialise HQ in Leuven, Belgium
Multi Jet Fusion is one of the many technologies Materialise has adopted since it was founded in 1990.

From there, the partnership between Materialise and HP became even closer when in 2019 Materialise joined HP’s newly launched Digital Manufacturing Network. 3D printing suppliers in this network must pass specific production process criteria to give customers reassurance that their MJF parts are of the highest standard. 

HP Digital Manufacturing Network Partner logo
As a proud member of HP’s Digital Manufacturing Network, we are fully qualified by HP and recognized for the excellence of our 3D production and quality processes.

 A novel approach to powder-based 3D printing 

“Those first few times working with MJF were very exciting. I could immediately see how to bring out the strengths of this technology. What makes MJF so special is that the build is always finished in a certain amount of time — no matter how many parts are included. This means that we could play on this strength and put many parts nested tightly together in one batch, and it would be much faster to print,” according to Giovanni. 

Before MJF, laser sintering was the only powder-based technology, which, as its name suggests, uses lasers to melt the layers of powder together. MJF is another technology that fuses powder together, but instead uses a mixture of heating the powder bed and depositing a fusing agent onto select particles. 

MJF’s main benefits are highlighted in a video from its launch in 2017.

The benefits were visible immediately for the first launch with PA 12: “It’s perfect for projects that need surface texturing or high detail. Think in terms of functional parts, parts that need printed labeling, engraving, embossing, or just thinner walls than you’d get with other versions of PA 12,” says Giovanni. 

Materialise soon began to research using other materials on the MJF printer. Through Materialise’s partnership with BASF, Materialise began looking into printing the flexible TPU material. Giovanni and his team found that it gives crisp details, smooth surfaces, and high accuracy. “To put it simply, it’s just easy, clean and behaves well,” says Giovanni. It was ready to be launched in September 2019 – making Materialise the first in the 3D printing industry to offer Ultrasint TPU. 

“In general, we’ve seen good mechanical properties with MJF. This is due to the nature of how MJF works as a printing technology in combination with the fact that they use fairly thin layers which makes parts very strong.” 

Because powder-based technologies do not rely on support structures, users turn to it when they need the ultimate freedom of design. For these reasons, MJF works well for functional prototypes, lightweight end-use parts, hinges, interlocking parts, integrated channels, production tools, and spare parts across industries. 

We’re working to innovate in the 3D printing industry for the benefit of our customers, for the benefit of the market, and for the entire ecosystem.

— Giovanni Vleminckx, Research Engineer at Materialise 

Custom drone manufacturer Avular has seen these benefits first-hand for prototypes and end-use manufacturing. They turn to 3D printing due to its freedom of design, fast turnaround and high-quality materials to be able to design and build mobile robots unique for each customer. Materialise OnSite has been a trusted partner to Avular since 2014, and when Materialise joined HP’s Direct Manufacturing Network, it gave Avular even more confidence that the MJF parts they order would be of the highest quality available. 

Close-up of an Avular drone, whose customized parts are 3D printed using MJF
Being part of HP’s Digital Manufacturing Network reassures customers like Avular, who order MJF parts directly through our OnSite printing platform.

A solid foundation for innovation 

“Materialise has made the choice to be an innovator, and it shows itself in every aspect of what we do. Our slogan is ‘innovators you can count on’ because from the very beginning Materialise has had a need to invent. A need to get in the market and see where the gaps are and figure out a way how to fill them. And most importantly, a need to discuss with all parties,” says Giovanni. 

“We’re working to innovate in the 3D printing industry for the benefit of our customers, for the benefit of the market, and for the entire ecosystem. This is the reason why we will continue to onboard and validate. MJF is one example in our 30-year history, and I am sure there will be many more in the years to come.” 


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